7th Field Ambulance Cemetery, Gallipoli Peninsula
Robert Anthony Fleming, Sergeant, 7/441, Canterbury Mounted Rifles, New Zealand who died 6 August 1915, Gallipoli aged 24. Cemetery: 7th Field Ambulance Cemetery, Turkey (II. B. 1.) Mentioned in Despatches. *(1,4)
Robert Anthony was born in 1891, the eldest of six children to Robert and Amelia Fleming (Zuppicich). His family had lived in Old Monkland, Cambuslang, and East Kilbride areas of Lanarkshire for several generations. His father Robert snr came to New Zealand with his parents, Robert and Elizabeth (Forsyth) and siblings establishing farms at Seddon and Rangiora in north Canterbury. The Auckland Star noted in his obituary “When war broke out he was one of the first to offer his services as trooper, and having had military training in the North Canterbury Mounted Rifles he was made a non commissioned officer in the Canterbury Mounted Rifles Main Force. He was popular amongst his comrades, and was a fine type of colonial soldier. He came of a fighting stock for an ancestor had a flag bearing the motto, “For Christ and Covenant” at the battle of Bothwell Bridge, in 1685 and the family has it still.” And from the New Zealand Herald, “In his last letter from Gallipoli Sergeant Fleming stated that Sergeant A. R. Greenwood and himself were the only sergeants of the C.Y.C. then standing their ground out of 12, and these two young soldiers gave up their lives in the same engagement.”
Image: Otago Witness, 27 Oct 1915
Helles Memorial, Gallipoli Peninsula
Allan Fleming, Private, 12118, Royal Irish Fusiliers 5th Battalion killed in action Gallipoli 16 August 1915 aged 19. Helles Memorial, Turkey (panel 178 to 180). *(1,3,7)
Evan/Euan Fleming, Petty Officer, Clyde 4/1545, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve Nelson Battalion. R.N. Division who died 3 May 1915. Helles Memorial, Turkey (panel 8 to 15) *(1,3, 11, 12)
Harry Fleming, Gunner, 84293, Royal Field Artillery 58th Brigade who died of wounds at sea 27 August 1915. Helles Memorial, Turkey (panel 21 and 22). *(1,3)
Harry was born Henry Fleming 17 Dec 1883 at Gibraltar, second child to Sergeant William Fleming of the Royal Artillery and Sybil (nee Harris). They married in 1880, Nova Scotia while stationed there and had four children: Jessie Agnes the eldest, Harry, William Arthur and Elsie Mary. Sybil died three weeks after the birth of Elsie Mary. Now with a young family William’s length of service qualified him for a Chelsea Pension and he returned to his hometown Aberdeen. The following year (1891) he married Isabella Henderson (late Stewart). As a child William appears to have been raised at Old Machar, where he was born by his mother, Agnes and grandfather Peter Taylor, a Chelsea Pensioner but at his marriage he names his father as John Fleming.
Harry arrived at Anzac Cove with the 58th brigade on 9th August 1915 and a week later the brigade was temporarily assigned to the 10th (Irish) Division and they moved to Suvla Bay.. They manned 18 pound guns and were involved in the ill-fated Allied amphibious landings at Suvla Bay and the Battle of Scimitar Hill. Harry was wounded and removed to a hospital ships nearby and later died.. Read more..
John Fleming, Able Seaman, KX/149 Howe Battalion, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, R.N. Division killed in action, 4 Jun 1915. Helles Memorial, Turkey (Panel 8 to 15). *(1, 11)
John was born 7th May 1893 at Heworth, near Gateshead, Durham, the second of nine children to William and Mary (Musgrove) Fleming. William’s father Thomas Fleming was a potter from Scotland who married Mary Bowden 26 May 1861 at Newcastle-on-Tyne and settled at Felling, south of the Tyne river.
On 2 Sep 1914 John was living in Windy Nook, a coal miner like his father, when he enlisted in the Northumberland Fusiliers. He was 5′ 8″ tall, dark complexion with brown hair and grey eyes. Five days later he was posted to 4th Platoon, A Company, Howe Battalion of the newly formed Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve. The Howe battalion surgeon took photos of their journey to Antwerp in October 1914 see photos…
British forces landed at Cape Helles on the 25th April, the same day as the Anzac landing. Two months later, John was reported missing but the investigation following an inquiry from his father, discovered other soldiers at Cape Helles, Gallipoli had seen John “shot through the head and killed” on the 4 June 1915 during the third Battle of Krithia. His Commanding Officer, Temporary Sub Lieutenant John Norman, and many others, were also killed during this assault on the Ottoman trenches. Some of Norman’s private papers are online at jackclegg.com and give further insight into A Company during this time.
John Fleming, Private, 11082, Border Regiment 6th Battalion who died 9 August 1915 aged 21. Helles Memorial, Turkey (panel 119 to 125 or 222 and 223).
John belonged to an Irish catholic family from Liverpool, England. His great-grandparents Matthew and Rose arrived with their children from Ireland 1830/31 living in Norfolk St (1841) and 5 Brick St (1851) a few streets from the river. Extended family also lived in Brick St and all the men were employed as dock labourers. His grandparents John and Bridget (Clarke) Fleming continued living in Brick St. and for a time, his parents, William and Rose Ann (Coyle) too until they moved round the corner to Norfolk St where John was born 6 May 1894. But by 1911, only two of their six children survived and John their eldest was now 15 and boarding in Vine Street, a pawnbroker’s assistant. He married 11 Jan 1914 to Margaret Dowley and a daughter Rose born early 1915.
From his service record we know he enlisted 20th August 1914 for short service, three years or duration of the war and posted to the 6th (Service) Battalion of the Border Regiment. As part of the 33rd Brigade they departed Liverpool on the Empress of Britain 1st Jul 1915 arriving Mudros Harbour, on the nearby Greek island of Lemnos, 18th July. The battalion then spent ten days at Helles repairing trenches returning to become part of the ill fated landing at Suvla Bay at or near Lala Baba on 6th August 1915. Read more…
John Fleming was reported “wounded and missing” 9th Aug 1915.
Waiting at home for news of his son, William wrote again to the Army on the 11th Oct 1915 “…I must confess I could very well understand such replies if he had been posted as missing. But being wounded some sort of information ought to be obtainable, it is now fully two months since he was wounded and consequently some knowledge as to his whereabouts and how he is progressing ought…[ink blot]… before now.”
John’s wife Margaret had also been writing regularly asking if they had news of John. The last one sent 22 Jun 1916 is in his file: “Dear Sir, Just a line to ask if you will if you will kindly send to on to me that letter I sent a few weeks back and you might also let me know something about my husband by now as he now is going on 11 months missing and I do not know if he is dead or alive. I think you can let me know something by now as I am on the widow’s pension and I am not in the knowlage [sic] of being a widow so you might answer this letter and send that other letter back. Oblige, M Fleming” His file notes that a reply was sent the very next day.
John Joseph Fleming, 9220, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers D Company 1st Battalion who died 22 May 1915 aged 26. Helles Memorial, Turkey.
Malcolm James Henderson Fleming, Lieutenant, Argyll and Southern Highlanders 5th Battalion who died of wounds 14 July 1915 aged 32. Helles Memorial, Turkey (panel 183 and 184) *(1,3) Photo: De Ruvigny’s Roll of Honour, v.1
Michael Fleming, Private, 6760, Lancashire Fusiliers 1st Battalion who died of wounds Gallipoli 23 August 1915. Helles Memorial, Turkey (panel 58 to 72 or 218 to 219). *(1,7)
Samuel Fleming, Lance Corporal, 9854, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) 8th Battalion who died in the Dardanelles 28 June 1915 aged 27. Helles Memorial, Turkey (panel 92 to 97). *(1,3)
Thomas Fleming, Private, 2176, Highland Light Infantry 6th Battalion killed in action Gallipoli 15 August 1915. Helles Memorial, Turkey (panel 173 to 177). *(1,3)
Thomas Fleming, Private, 7613, Royal Scots Fusiliers 1st/4th Battalion killed in action Dardanelles 12 July 1915 aged 19. Helles Memorial, Turkey (panel 72 to 75). *(1,3)
Thomas Worrall Fleming, Private, 14441, Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding Regiment) 8th Battalion who died 12 August 1915 aged 45. Helles Memorial, Turkey (panel 117 to 119).
William Fleming, Private, 9972, Lincolnshire Regiment 6th Battalion who died 6 August 1915. Helles Memorial, Turkey (panel 44 to 46).
Hill 60 Cemetery (NZ) Memorial, Gallipoli Peninsula
James Fleming, Trooper, 7/198, Canterbury Mounted Rifles, New Zealand. KIA 25 August 1915, Gallipoli. Hill 60 New Zealand Memorial, Gallipoli, Turkey. *(1,4,31)
James was born James Bernard Fleming in 1886 to George Edwin and Margaret (Lawson) Fleming of Renwick. Margaret was only 24 when she died, leaving James, 3 and his sister Amelia Sarah aged 2 in the care of their father who never remarried. James’ grandparents, William and Sarah (Benson) Fleming, had married on the 19 March 1849 at Ambleside, Westmorland in England and within the month embarked on the Cornwall to settle at Wamiea West, Marlborough district, New Zealand where they raised George Edwin and his five brothers.
When James enlisted in the Canterbury Mounted Rifles on the 15 August 1914 he was 5’5″ tall, light brown eyes and black hair, and working as a labourer for Mr Wiffen at Okaramio. The regiment embarked from Lyttleton 23 Sep 1914 on HMNZTs Tahiti and Athenic stopped briiefly at Wellington and Hobart, Tasmania then waited at Albany, Western Australia to be joined by Australian troop ships. They disembarked at Alexandria, Egypt for further training a their camp in Cairo. In April 1915 part of their Division left for an undisclosed location. On 1st May 1915 the regiment was told of the landings at Gallipoli and that they would now also join the Division at Gallipoli but without their horses. Twelve days later they disembarked at Anzac Cove. Following the first assault on Hill 60, 21st August 1915, Trooper James Fleming was reported missing and four days later determined killed in action along with 60% of his regiment. Read more..
Photo: Auckland Weekly News, 1915
Lone Pine Cemetery, Gallipoli Peninsula
Geoffrey Lionel Flemming, Private, 1874, 2nd Battalion, Australian Imperial Infantry. Killed in action Gallipoli, Ottoman Empire, 19 June 1915, aged 16. Lone pine Cemetery, Gallipoli Peninsula, Canakkale Province, Turkey. (II.D.7.)
Geoffrey was the youngest of three brothers who all served at Gallipoli: Colour Seargeant Richard Allfred Flemming was injured but survived and Private Valentine Flemming listed below is on the Lone Pine memorial.
Their great-grandfather Joseph Flemming (1783-1854) was a successful surveyor and builder of St Pancras in London. His grandfather also Joseph Flemming (1816-1902), was the eldest of six sons and became a book maker and auctioneer. Opportunities in Australia beckoned and by 1851 with his wife Sarah Plummer nee Gilbert, Joseph had settled in Adelaide, South Australia as an auctioneer, stockbroker and agent for his three brothers (stationers and stockbrokers) in London. Joseph and Sarah’s eldest son Edward Gilbert Flemming and Julia Margeurite (nee Rose) were the parents of all three boys. Geoffrey Lionel born 10 Oct 1898 the youngest of six siblings and four step-siblings. He was only 16 when he enlisted, not the 18 he pretended to be. He departed Sydney on 10th April 1915, part of the 4th Reinforcements on HMAT Argyllshire A8 and after training in Suez they disembarked at Gallipoli 26 May 1915.
In ‘A Letter to Norah: on the Death of an Anzac at Lone Pine’ his sister Kathleen Flemming recalls the first-hand account of his death from his chum Cecil:
“It was a morning, just at dawn, ten minutes before relief came. Geoff was on watch with two other lads at a peephole……… One lad had his rifle through the hole taking aim. Geoff put up his hand to fix the rifle. A sniper from the Turkish lines saw the movement and fired. The bullet struck the rifle Geoff was fixing and glanced off, entering Geoff’s chest under the arm and striking the bone which protects the heart, grazed the heart causing severe haemorrhage resulting in his death four hours later. After being struck he fell limply on the floor and asked them to send for the stretcher bearers. He was hurried with all dispatch to the dressing station behind lines where he put up a great fight for his life, but fate was against him, and he died, as his friend told us, with the same happy smile on his dear face, and it was at sunset that a little party of men carrying a shrouded form marched slowly up Lone Pine and as they marched, word was passed that “Chum Flemming” was dead.
Many a lad turned and followed our dear boy for he was well liked by all, he being the youngest and brightest………. Soldiers old and young, wounded and well, came to take a last peep at that smiling face that had cheered many a lonely hour for them in the dismal trenches……………. After Last Post was sounded they covered his face with his cap and gently lowered the earth.
After all was over they gathered heavy stones so that his grave would be marked all round and there he lies, on the slope of Lone Pine within a few yards of his brother Valentine “Who was killed a few weeks later in that famous Lone Pine charge on 6 August 1915”.
See also his brother, Valentine Flemming, Lone Pine Memorial, this page and two second cousins once removed: 2nd Lieut. Douglas Sidney Flemming,1917 and Captain Herbert Otto Flemming, 1915.
John Fleming, Private, 1857, 2nd Battalion Australian Imperial Infantry who died between 6th and 9th August 1915 at Gallipoli, Ottoman Empire. Lone Pine Cemetery, Gallipoli Peninsula, Canakkale Province, Turkey.
Paper records for John’s grandfather James Fleming, indicate he was a son of James Fleming, farmer of Torphichen, West Lothian. James jnr became a thatcher and with Catherine (McKinnon) settled in Ayrshire and Glasgow. Their only child John born in West Kilbride became a cabinet maker of Glasgow and married Maggie McKillop. After several years and children in Glasgow where our subject was born 19 Apr 1884, the family settled in Maggie’s home town of Salcoats in Ayrshire. John jnr became a cabinet maker like his father and at the time of his enlistment in February 1915 was living in Bourke St, Sydney, Australia. No trace has been found of his three brothers James, Willliam McKilllop and Alexander Cuthbertson Fleming. In 1915 his sister Kate McKinnon Fleming was living in Toronto, Ontario and his mother was at home in Salcoats.
John traveled out to Liverpool, NSW to enlist and was described as 5’6″, 126 lb, dark hair, blue eyes and dark complexion. He and Private Geoffrey Lionel Flemming above both departed Sydney on 10th April 1915, part of the 4th Reinforcements on HMAT Argyllshire A8. After training in Suez they disembarked at Gallipoli 26 May 1915.
John was reported missing on 7 Aug 1915 during the Battle of Lone Pine and determined Killed In Action the following week. His headstone reads “Believed to be buried in this Cemetery, actual grave unknown” From the awmlondon.gov.au, “Having captured the Turkish trenches, the Australians now tried to hold what they had taken while the Turks desperately and determinedly tried to throw the Australians out. From nightfall on 6 August until the night of 9 August a fierce battle ensued underground in the complex maze of Turkish tunnels. The Australians succeeded in drawing the whole of the immediate Turkish reserve. Six Australian battalions suffered nearly 2,300 killed and wounded at Lone Pine. Seven Australians were awarded the Victoria Cross, the highest number ever awarded to an Australian division for one action.” Read more about the Battle of Lone Pine
Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli Peninsula
David Archibald Fleming, Private, 1754, 4th Battalion Australian Infantry. Killed Gallipoli, Ottoman Empire 6-9 August 1915. Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli Peninsula, Canakkale Province, Turkey.
David Archibald Fleming was born in Brisbane, Australia one of four boys to David Archibald and Annie (Taylor) Fleming. On 12 Jan 1915, less than a month after the death of his younger brother Donald, he went to Liverpool, NSW, a 21 year old carpenter and enlisted in 4th Battalion 4th Reinforcements at Liverpool, NSW. David’s great-grandparents, John and Amelia (Lamond) Fleming were farmers at Kirkmichael, Perhshire and had six sons, one of whom was Peter was David Archibald’s grandfather who settled in Markinch and another, Charles Fleming the grandfather of 2nd Lieut. James Sword Fleming q.v. and Private William Fairweather Fleming q.v.
David’s physical description on enlistment was 5’3″, fair complexion, blue eyes and dark brown hair. Embarking 17 Mar 1915 on the HMAT Shrophire A9 they arrived at Gallipoli on 31st May. He was reported missing on 6th August and later declared killed in action. His only personal effects were a wrist watch, holdall, two razors, two shaving brushes, hair brush, tooth brush, comb, strop, knife, fork and spoon and a book of twenty photographs.
Edward Richard Fleming, Private, 438, D Company, 12th Battalion (Infantry) Australian Army. Killed Gallipoli, Ottoman Empire 25 April, aged 19. Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli Peninsula, Canakkale Province, Turkey.
Edward Richard Fleming born 23 April 1896 at Sassafrass, Tasmania the eldest of fourteen children to Edward and Beatrice Crick. The family lived in Oxfordshire for several generations before coming to Tasmania. His brother Private Albert Victor Fleming also served at Gallipoli, in France and survived the war. Edward Richard Fleming’s battalion, the 12th, was raised early in August 1914 within three weeks of the declaration of war. Edward, tin mining in rugged country near Waratah in Tasmania made the journey south to Pontvillle and volunteered on Thursday 20 August 1914. As part of Australia’s compulsory peacetime school-based cadet training scheme, Edward became a senior cadet and all the men in his D Company were from the west coast mining communities. Eight weeks later he embarked on the troopship A2 Geelong bound for Egypt then Gallipoli and Anzac Cove. See images of their parade and farewell in Hobart. At 4.30 am on Sunday morning 25th April, the 12th battalion joined with the 9th, 10th and 11th battalions were the first ashore. Edward was reported missing later in the day but never found. He is commemorated on the Lone Pine Memorial at Anzac Cove.
Valentine Flemming, Private, 2262, 4th Battalion (Infantry) Australian Army. Killed in action Gallipoli, Ottoman Empire, 6 Aug 1915, aged 20. Lone Pine Memorial, Gallipoli Peninsula, Canakkale Province, Turkey.
Valentine b1895 was the middle brother between Colour Sergeant Richard Alfred Flemming b1889 and Private Geoffrey Flemming b1898 above who all fought a Gallipoli. Their great-grandfather Joseph Flemming (1783-1854) was a successful surveyor and builder of St Pancras in London. Their grandfather also Joseph Flemming (1816-1902), was the eldest of six sons and became a book maker and auctioneer. Opportunities in Australia beckoned and by 1851 with his wife Sarah Plummer nee Gilbert, Joseph had settled in Adelaide, South Australia as an auctioneer, stockbroker and agent for his three brothers (stationers and stockbrokers) in London. Joseph and Sarah’s eldest son Edward Gilbert Flemming married Julia Margeurite (nee Rose) and were the parents of the three boys, three sisters and four step-siblings. Geoffrey Lionel born 10 Oct 1898 the youngest. Valentine was born 17 Feb 1895 at Petersham, New South Wales and embarked on the HMAT Karoola part of the 6th Reinforcements. Read more on the three brothers who went to Gallipoli…
Image courtesy discoveringanzacs.naa.gov.au
Pink Farm Cemetery, Gallipoli Peninsula
John Fleming, Sergeant, 7238, Royal Scots Fusiliers 5th Battalion who died of wounds 3 July 1915 at Gallipoli aged 32. Pink Farm Cemetery, Helles, Turkey (Sp. Mem. 33.) *(1,3)